This is information taken from the WHO website in February 2020.

What is a Coronavirus?

Coronavirus is a large family of viruses that can cause disease in animals or humans. In humans are

several coronaviruses known to cause respiratory tract infections ranging from cold to more

serious diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently detected corona virus causes the COVID-19 virus disease.

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and

disease was unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.

What does COVID-19 mean?

The name stands for: Corona virus disease – 2019

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, fatigue and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begins gradually. Some people are infected but do not develop symptoms and do not feel sick. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without the need for special treatment. About 1 in 6 people who get COVID-19 become seriously ill and develop breathing difficulties. Older people and those with underlying medical problems such as high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes are more likely to develop serious illness. About 2% of people with the disease have died so far. People with fever, cough and breathing difficulties should seek medical attention.

What can I do to protect myself and prevent the spread of infection?

  • Clean your hands regularly and thoroughly with soap or hand disinfection as it removes / kills viruses that are on your hands.
  • Keep at least 1 meter distance between yourself and anyone who coughs or sneezes as it prevents you from inhaling the liquid droplets that circulate in the air after a cough.
  • Avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth as the virus that may be on your hands can enter your body.
  • Make sure that you and the people around you cover your mouth and nose with a bowed elbow or handkerchief when coughing or sneezing.
  • Stay at home if you experience symptoms such as pain, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. If you have fever, cough and breathing difficulties, contact your doctor but call in advance so your healthcare provider can direct you to the right health care facility. This will also protect you and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.
  • Keep up to date on the latest developments on COVID-19 and follow the directions of your national and local health authority as they have the most up-to-date information on the situation in your area.

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